Lille Metropolitan area
Towards 100% clean public transportation by 2011
Issues and choices
The principle of separative collection and use of the organic portion of household waste was adopted in 1992. The treatment technology was not fully decided, however. Definition studies launched in 1995 over three sites and completed in 1998 led to the conclusion that the methanization process was viable from a technological, environmental and economic perspective in light of the amount to be treated. In parallel, this decision led to the implementation of an alternative waterway transport scheme for waste.
This waterway network was designed with the installation of two transfer centres to the north and south to receive the two portions of residual and organic waste and to transfer waste not treated on the site by boat.
Furthermore, The Lille Urban Area Mobility Plan provides for an increase in gas-fueled urban buses: as a first step, in 2006, through the purchase of 100 additional vehicles, supplemented by 100 more as a second step. The entire public transportation fleet will therefore consist in clean vehicles.
In order to meet the objectives of the Mobility Plan and develop the fleet of clean gas buses, two new bus depots have therefore opened in Sequedin and Wattrelos fed with both biomethane and natural gas.