A European project for sustainable development
Human activities, in particular transport, are partially responsible for the problems associated with the greenhouse effect, and therefore global warming.
A key short-term action consists in increasing the use of alternative fuels to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. More generally, the Biogasmax objective is to develop alternative and affordable means of transport with a global policy of improving the management and use of waste and urban transportation.
In terms of its needs for energy, the European Union is increasingly dependent on imported fossil fuel.This complex situation leads to significant ecological and economical risks for society, as:
- The demand for energy is constantly increasing,
- Oil products come from politically unstable regions,
- Oil prices are rising,
- Resources are limited,
- Greenhouse gases emitted by fossil fuels through combustion contribute to climate change.
The European Commission is seeking to solve these issues through a series of initiatives, including many that focus on the transport industry, which is almost fully dependent on oil. In this context, it has launched a call for projects that focus on biofuels (Biofuel Cities).
Fossil fuel combustion (petrol, diesel, kerosene, gas,...) emits more than three billion tons of CO2 in the atmosphere each year. Biogas used as fuel (biomethane) can eliminate smog in the atmosphere and significantly reduce noise pollution. The most environmentally harmful compounds (particles, non-methane hydrocarbons) are absent when biomethane is used. For example, using biomethane as a fuel in buses leads to a reduction of 95% in particles, 99% in sulfur compounds and 70% in nitrogen oxide, as compared to diesel buses.
The European Biogasmax project creates a network of biogas-related demonstrations on the European territory with the aim of sharing experiences in terms of best practices in managing urban transportation.
The objective of the BIOGASMAX project is to address urban challenges related to air and water pollution, as well as waste management.
To this end, it uses a virtuous cycle in which biogas is produced from various types of urban waste that must be managed.
During the process, BIOGASMAX focuses on monitoring the economic and environmental impact in order to produce fuel for transport that does not harm the environment.
The research and development projects carried out in the context of BIOGASMAX are closely tied to the following four main fields of technological activities:
- Production of biogas from various types of waste;
- Upgrading of biogas to a high-quality fuel;
- Distribution for transport and injection into natural gas grids;
- Use in vehicles to increase the number of biomethane-fueled vehicles.